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Some of the Manners of the Messengers (of Allah)



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Allah [may He be Glorified] said: "Verily, Ibrhm (Abraham) was, without doubt, forbearing, used to invoking Allh with humility, and was repentant (to Allh all the time, again and again ." (11:75)

Commentary:

Allah [May He be Glorified] tells that Prophet Ibrhm (peace be upon him) was "forbearing" i.e. he was of good manners with a forgiving heart and was never enraged by the ignorance of those who are ignorant.

He also "used to invoke Allh with humility" meaning that he used to make Du'a' to Allah in all times.

He "was repentant" meaning that he was in the habit of repenting to Allah, establishing his repentance upon his knowledge, love and through devoting himself to Allah and keeping away from others besides Him.

See Tafsir Ibn Sa'di, p.342. (Al-Luwaihiq Edition).

Ibn Al-Qaiyim said: "The repentant is the one who is quick in seeking Allah's Pleasure, the one who always returns to Allah and the one who exerts all possible efforts to attain the love of Allah.

Repentance includes four requirements: love of Allah, submission to Allah, nearness to Allah and turning away from others than Him.

None deserves the title "repentant" except the one who combines all these four traits.

See Madarij As-Salikn, Vol. I, p. 467, First Edition, Darul-Kutub Al'Ilmiyah.



Doing Good Deed Amounts to Charity


عن أبي موسى الأشعري -رضي الله عنه-قال:
( قال النبي -صلى الله عليه وسلم- على كل مسلم صدقة، قالوا: فإن لم يجد؟ قال فيعمل بيديه فينفع نفسه ويتصدق، قالوا فإن لم يستطع أو لم يفعل؟ قال: فيعين ذا الحاجة الملهوف، قالوا فإن لم يفعل؟ قال: فليأمر بالخير أو قال بالمعروف، قالوا: فإن لم يفعل؟ قال فليمسك عن الشر فإنه له صدقة)
البخاري ح (6022) ، مسلم ح (1008)

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On the authority of Abu Musa Al-Ash'ari who reported that the Prophet (peace be upon him) said, "Sadaqah (alms) is enjoined on every Muslim." They (the people) said, "Suppose one cannot afford it?' He said, "He should work with his hands so that he may benefit himself and give in charity." They said, "If he cannot work or does not work?" He said, "Then he should help the oppressed unhappy person (by word or action or both)." They said, "If he does not do it?" He said, "Then he should enjoin what is good." They said, "If he does not do that?'' He said, "Then he should refrain from doing evil, for that will be considered for Him as a Sadaqah (charity). "
(Reported by Imam Al-Bukhari Hadith no. 6022 and by Imam Muslim Hadith no. 1008)

  • The phrase charity is incumbent on every Muslim does not signify that giving charity is obligatory, rather it is, according to the unanimous agreement of scholars, a merit that every Muslim is encouraged to foster. Charity originlly signifies giving out of ones property or money voluntarily. The obligatory Zakah can also be termed as Sadaqah (charity), to show that each giver of Zakah should be keen to achieve Sidq (truthfulness) when giving Zakah.
  • This Hadith states that every good deed or word is counted as a charity. Likewise, abstaining from doing evil is counted as a charity.
    • The Hadith also urges Muslims to work and earn lawfully, in order to have money from which one can give charity and save himself the humiliation caused by begging.
    • The Hadith urges Muslims to do good according to their means; if a certain good deed is difficult to achieve, one can turn to that which is easier for him.

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