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The Necessity of Believing in the Comprehensiveness of the Message of Our Prophet Muhammad (Peace Be upon Him) and the Abrogation of All Other Religions



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Allah [may He be Glorified] said: "And We have not sent you (O Muhammad ) except as a giver of glad tidings and a Warner to all mankind, but most of men know not" (34:28)

In this verse Allah states that He did not send His Messenger Muhammad (peace be upon him) except for giving the glad tidings of reward for all mankind and to inform them about the acts bringing about such a reward.

He is also sent to forewarn them of God's punishment, and make known to them acts that may warrant such reprisal.

On the Authority of Abu Hurairah (may Allah be pleased with him) who reported that the holy Prophet said: "By Allah in whose hands my soul is, if anyone of this Ummah (nation) hears about me whether he is a Jew or a Christian and dies without believing in my Message, will be among the dwellers of the Hell-fire." [Sahih Muslim, the Book of Faith, Hadith no.153]

The word "Ummah" in this Hadith means those whom the call to Islam has reached.

The phrase "If anyone of this Ummah hears about me" means those who lived at the time of the Messenger of Allah (peace be upon him), as well as those who will come after him till the Day of Judgement. In fact, all of them should follow his way. Mentioning just the Jews and the Christians in this context however serves as an alarming note for the followers of other faiths; since the Jews and the Christians have Divine Books while others do not. As the people of the Book are mentioned in this respect, though they are endowed with books of guidance, it thus follows that others, who have not any divine books, are also involved with greater reason. Allah knows best. [An-Nawawi's Commentary on Sahih Muslim, Vol. II, Hadith p. 188]



Trustfulness


عن أبي هريرة -رضي الله عنه- قال: قال رسول الله -صلى الله عليه وسلم-:
(أد الأمانة إلى من ائتمنك ولا تخن من خانك )
(أبو داود/3535) ، (الترمذي/1246)

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On the authority of Abu Hurairah (may Allah be pleased with him) who said that the Messenger of Allah (peace be upon him) said: "Render back the trust to those to whom they are due and do not betray the person who betrays you" [Narrated by Abu Dawd, Hadith no. 3535 and At-Tirmidhi, Hadith no. 1246]

Commentary:

"Render back the trust" is a commandment that must be implemented. Allah [may He be Glorified] said: "Verily! Allh commands that you should render back the trusts to those to whom they are due." (4:58)

"Trust" means everything that must be fulfilled.

"do not betray the person who betrays you" means that a Muslim should not mistreat people even though they might have mistreated him; and thus he should not betray those who might have betrayed him.

Furthermore, this is a comprehensive commandment for rendering back the trust, which can be something borrowed, a deposit or anything else.

The Hadith also directs people not to return mistreatment with similar conduct. This issue is disputable among the scholars, but forgiving mistreatment takes priority, as Allah [may He be Glorified] said: "The recompense for an evil is an evil like thereof; but whoever forgives and makes reconciliation, his reward is with Allh. Verily, He likes not the Zlimn (oppressors, polytheists, and wrong-doers ." (42:40)

[See Subul As-Salam, Vol. III, Hadith no. 89]


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