English Translation: Page 1
(The Opening) I
In the Name of Allâh, the Most Gracious, the Most
All the praises and thanks be to Allâh, the Lord
of the ‘Âlamîn (mankind, jinn and all that exists).
The Most Gracious, the Most Merciful.
The Only Owner (and the Only Ruling Judge) of the Day of
(i.e. the Day of Resurrection)
You (Alone) we worship, and You (Alone) we ask for help
(for each and
Guide us to the Straight Way.
The Way of those on whom You have bestowed Your
not (the way) of those who earned Your Anger
(i.e. those who knew the Truth, but did not follow it)
nor of those who went astray (i.e. those who did not follow the Truth out of
ignorance and error).
(V.1:2) Lord: The actual word used in the Qur’ân is
Rabb There is no
proper equivalent for Rabb in English language. It means the
One and the
Only Lord for all the universe, its Creator, Owner, Organizer, Provider,
Planner, Sustainer, Cherisher, and Giver of security. Rabb is
also one of
the Names of Allâh. We have used the word "Lord" as the nearest
. All occurrences of "Lord" in the interpretation of the meanings
of the Noble Qur’ân actually mean Rabb and
should be understood as
(V.1:2). Narrated Abu Sa‘îd bin Al-Mu‘alla: While I was
praying in the
mosque, Allâh’s Messenger صلى
called me but I did
not respond to him. Later I said, "O Allâh’s Messenger, I
praying." He said, "Didn’t Allâh say - Answer Allâh
Him) and His Messenger when he صلى
وسلم calls you." (V.8:24). He then said to
"I will teach you a Sûrah which is the greatest Sû
the Qur’ân, before you leave the mosque." Then he got
hold of my hand,
and when he intended to leave (the mosque), I said to him,
say to me, "I will teach you a Sûrah which is the greatest Sûrah
in the Qur’an?" He said, " Al-Hamdu lillahi
[i.e. all the praises and thanks be to Allâh, the Lord of the
(mankind, jinn and all that exists)], Sûrat Al-Fâtihah which is As-Sab‘
Al-Mathâni (i.e. the seven repeatedly recited Verses) and the
which has been given to me." (Sahih Al-Bukhâri, Vol.6, Hadîth No.
(V.1:6) Guidance is of two kinds:
a) Guidance of Taufîq i.e., totally from Allâh, i.e.
one’s heart to receive the truth (from disbelief to Belief in
b) Guidance of Irshâd i.e. through preaching by
and the pious preachers who preach the truth i.e. Islâmic
(V.1:7) i.e. the way of the Prophets, the Siddîqûn (i.e. those
followers of the Prophet, who were first and foremost to believe in him,
Abu Bakr As-Siddîq), the martyrs and the righteous, [as Allâh
وجل said: "And whoso obeys Allâh and the
then they will be in
the company of those on whom Allâh has bestowed His Grace, of
the Prophets, the
Siddîqûn, the martyrs, and the righteous. And how
companions are!" (V.4:69)].
(V.1:7) Narrated ‘Adi bin Hâtim رضي
الله عنه: I asked
وسلم , about the Statement of Allâh:
‘alaihim (not the
way of those who earned Your Anger)," he صلى
وسلم replied "They are the Jews". And 2.
الضالين Walad dâllîn (nor of those who went astray)," he
وسلم replied: "The Christians, and they are
ones who went astray" [This Hadith is quoted by At-Tirmidhi
and Musnad Abu Dâwûd ].
(V.1:7): Narrated ‘Ubâdah bin As-Sâmit
وسلم said, "Whoever does not recite
in his prayer, his prayer is invalid. (Sahih Al-Bukhâri,
(V.1:7): Narrated Abu Hurairah رضي
الله عنه : Allâ
وسلم said, "When the Imâm
l-maghdûbi ‘alaihim Walad-dâllîn [i.e. not the
way of those who
earned Your Anger, nor the way of those who went astray (1:7)], then
say, Amîn , for if one’s utterance of Amîn
coincides with that
of the angels, then his past sins will be forgiven." (Sahih
Vol.6, Hadîth No. 2).