English Translation: Page 421
Among the believers are men who have been true to their covenant with
Allâh [i.e. they have gone out for Jihâd
(holy fighting), and showed
not their backs to the disbelievers]; of them some have fulfilled their
obligations (i.e. have been martyred); and some of them are still waiting, but
they have never changed [i.e. they never proved treacherous to their covenant
which they concluded with Allâh] in the least.
That Allâh may reward the men of truth for their truth (i.e. for
their patience at the accomplishment of that which they covenanted with Allâh),
and punish the hypocrites, if He wills, or accept their repentance by turning to
them (in Mercy). Verily, Allâh is Oft-Forgiving, Most Merciful.
And Allâh drove back those who disbelieved in their rage: they
gained no advantage (booty). Allâh sufficed for the believers in the fighting
(by sending against the disbelievers a severe wind and troops of angels). And
Allâh is Ever All-Strong, All-Mighty.
And those of the people of the Scripture who backed them (the
disbelievers), Allâh brought them down from their forts and cast terror into
their hearts, (so that) a group (of them) you killed, and a group (of them) you
And He caused you to inherit their lands, and their houses, and their
riches, and a land which you had not trodden (before). And Allâh is Able to do
O Prophet (Muhammad صلى
وسلم)! Say to your wives: "If you desire the life
of this world, and its glitter, then come! I will make a provision for you and
set you free in a handsome manner (divorce).
"But if you desire Allâh and His Messenger, and the home of the
Hereafter, then verily, Allâh has prepared for Al-Muhsinât
amongst you an enormous reward."
O wives of the Prophet! Whoever of you commits an open illegal sexual
intercourse, the torment for her will be doubled, and that is ever easy for Allâh.
(V.33:23) Narrated Anas رضي الله
عنه: My uncle Anas bin An-Nadr was absent from the battle of
Badr. He said, "O Allâh’s Messenger (صلى
وسلم)! I was absent from the first battle you fought
against the pagans. (By Allah) if Allah gives me a chance to fight the pagans,
no doubt, Allah will see how (bravely) I will fight." On the day of Uhud
when the Muslims turned their backs and fled, he said, "O Allah! I
apologise to You for what these (i.e. his companions) have done, and I denounce
what these (i.e. the pagans) have done." Then he advanced and Sa‘d bin
Mu‘âdh met him. He said, "O Sa‘d bin Mu‘âdh! By the Lord of An-Nadr,
Paradise! I am smelling its aroma coming from before (the mountain of) Uhud,"
Later on, Sa‘d said, "O Allah’s Messenger! I cannot achieve or do what
he (i.e. Anas bin An-Nadr) did. We found more than eighty wounds by swords and
arrows on his body. We found him dead and his body mutilated so badly that none
except his sister could recognise him by his fingers." We used to think
that the following Verse was revealed concerning him and other men of his sort:
"Among the believers are men who have been true to their covenant with
His sister Ar-Rubaiyi‘ broke a front tooth of a woman and Allâh’s Messenger
صلى الله عليه
وسلم ordered for retaliation. On that Anas bin An-Nadr,
said, "O Allâh’s Messenger! By Him Who has sent you with the truth, my
sister’s tooth shall not be broken, then the opponents of Anas’s sister
accepted the compensation and gave up the claim of retaliation. So Allâh’s
Messenger صلى الله
عليه وسلم said, "There are
some people amongst Allâh’s slaves whose oaths are fulfilled by Allah when
they take them." (Sahih Al-Bukhari, Vol.4, Hadîth No.61).
a) Narrated ‘Âishah رضي الله
عنها, the wife of the Prophet صلى
وسلم: When Allâh’s Messenger صلى
وسلم was ordered to give option to his wives, he started
with me, saying, "I am going to mention to you something, but you shall not
hasten (to give your reply) unless you consult your parents." The Prophet
صلى الله عليه
وسلم knew that my parents would not order me to leave
him. Then he said, "Allâh says: "O Prophet (Muhammad
صلى الله عليه
وسلم)! Say to your wives: ‘If you desire the life of
this world and its glitter... an enormous reward.’ " (V.33:29).
I said, "Then why consult I my parents? Verily, I desire Allah, His
Messenger and the Home of the Hereafter." Then all the other wives of the
Prophet did the same as I did.
(Sahih Al-Bukhari, Vol.6, Hadith No.309).
b) Narrated ‘Âishah رضي الله
عنها: Allâh’s Messenger صلى
وسلم gave us the option (to remain with him or to be
divorced) and we chose Allâh and His Messenger. So that option was not regarded
as divorce. (Sahih Al-Bukhâri, Vol.7, Hadîth No.188).