English Translation: Page 507
Sûrat Muhammad or Sûrat Al-Qitâl
In the Name of Allâh,
(Muhammad صلى الله
عليه وسلم ) or (The Fighting)
the Most Gracious, the Most Merciful
Those who disbelieve (in the Oneness of Allâh, and in the Message of
Prophet Muhammad صلى الله
عليه وسلم), and hinder (men)
from the Path of Allâh (Islâmic Monotheism), He will render their deeds vain.
But those who believe and do righteous good deeds, and believe in
that which is sent down to Muhammad (صلى
وسلم) - for it is the truth from their Lord - He will
expiate from them their sins, and will make good their state.
That is because those who disbelieve follow falsehood, while those
who believe follow the truth from their Lord. Thus does Allâh set forth for
mankind their parables.
So, when you meet (in fight - Jihâd
in Allâh’s Cause)
those who disbelieve, smite (their) necks till when you have killed and wounded
many of them, then bind a bond firmly (on them, i.e. take them as captives).
Thereafter (is the time) either for generosity (i.e. free them without ransom),
or ransom (according to what benefits Islâm), until the war lays down its
burden. Thus [you are ordered by Allâh to continue in carrying out Jihâd
the disbelievers till they embrace Islâm and are saved from the punishment in
the Hell-fire or at least come under your protection], but if it had been Allâh’s
Will, He Himself could certainly have punished them (without you). But (He lets
you fight) in order to test some of you with others. But those who are killed in
the Way of Allâh, He will never let their deeds be lost.
He will guide them and set right their state.
And admit them to Paradise which He has made known to them (i.e. they
will know their places in Paradise better than they used to know their homes in
O you who believe! If you help (in the cause of) Allâh, He will help
you, and make your foothold firm.
But those who disbelieve (in the Oneness of Allâh - Islâmic
Monotheism), for them is destruction, and (Allâh) will make their deeds vain.
That is because they hate that which Allâh has sent down (this
Qur’ân and Islâmic laws, etc.); so He has made their deeds fruitless.
Have they not travelled through the earth, and seen what was the end
of those before them? Allâh destroyed them completely, and a similar (fate
awaits) the disbelievers.
That is because Allâh is the Maulâ
(Lord, Master, Helper,
Protector, etc.) of those who believe, and the disbelievers have no Maulâ
master, helper, protector, etc.).
(V.47:1) It is obligatory to have Belief in the Messengership of the Prophet
Muhammad صلى الله
Narrated Abu Hurairah رضي الله
عنه: Allâh’s Messenger صلى
وسلم said, "By Him (Allâh) in Whose Hand
Muhammad’s soul is, there is none from amongst the Jews and the Christians (of
these present nations) who hears about me and then dies without believing in the
Message with which I have been sent (i.e. Islâmic Monotheism), but he will be
from the dwellers of the (Hell) Fire." (Sahih Muslim , the Book of
Faith, Vol.1, Chapter No.240). See also (V.3:85) and (V.3:116).
(V.47:4) See the footnote of (V.2:190) and (V.9:20).
(V.47:6) Narrated Abû Sa‘îd Al-Khudrî رضي
الله عنه: Allâh’s Messenger
صلى الله عليه
وسلم said, "The believers, after being saved from
the (Hell) Fire, will be stopped at a bridge between Paradise and Hell and
mutual retaliation will take place among them regarding the wrongs they have
committed in the world against one another. After they are cleansed and purified
(through the retaliation), they will be admitted into Paradise; and by Him in
Whose Hand Muhammad’s soul is, everyone of them will know his dwelling in
Paradise better than he knew his dwelling in this world." (Sahih Al-Bukhari,
Vol.8, Hadith No.542)